, , ! Ilya-ya.ru , , , !

1921-1941

1921-1941

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1921-1941


1.                


20- . 1921 12% , 2, 5%. 80%. . .

. 92%. 1920 64 % .

, , , , , , , , , . . .

() 1921 , : ; ; - ; ; ; .

1925 . 1925 . 75% 1913 ., 1926 . 8%. 1925 . 13%. . : 1925/26 . 2,9 . 4,2 . 2,2 . 4,2 . 1913 . .

1925 . , , , .

1925 . 1925 . 1913 ., 7,5% . 1925 . 1913. 82%. . , , .

, 1924/25 . . - , 1924 . : 1923. 1925 . 21%. 1924/25 . .

1924 , . . , , , . . .

8 . . 1921 . 21, 7 . . 1926 . 1925 . , (, , ) 1913 . 1926 . 26 . . .

. . , , 32, % , 67,6% - , , . , . , . , , . .


2.                 (1926-1928 .)


1926 . , : .

. - , - , .

, . . , . ( 1925 1928 .) 3, 3 . .

. , , .

800 .

: , ( 1927/28 . 3,3 . 4,2 . 1913 . ). . . . 1926-1928 . , .

( 600-700 . ). . ( , . .), .


3.                


( 1927 . 13%, 1928 . 21%, 1929 . 26%), : , : 1926/27 . 4, 1%, 1927/28 . - 3, 2%, 1929 . 3%. 1927 . 91%, - .

, , . 20- 12 .

. . . , 15-16 . 1913 . 24-25 . 1927 ., (85, 3%) (74%). : 1926/27 . 662 . , 1927/28 . 627 . . ( 1913 . 1, 3 . . ).

. 1928 . , .

: ( ), .

1929 . 1929 . , 60% , .

20-30. - , - , . , , .


4.                

(1928/29-1932/33 .)

 

Oco aaa epoo eeo aa c:

1) pepaee CCCP cpa apapo ocao ycpay, ooec oe caocoey eacy o aacecx cpa;

2) coae ao ycp, oopa a cocoa epeoopy peopaoa ce opac apooo xoca a ae coaa;

3) epeo aeo acc ex papoex peccx xoc a pec pyoo oeoo xoca;

4) ecee aacecx eeo, oeceee oe coacecoo ceopa o cex opacx apooo xoca, ocpoee ooecoo aca coaa;

5) ypeee oopoococooc CCCP, coae oo eoxox ooecx execx peoco;

6) oe aepaoro yypoo ypo coecoo apoa, pee xoce yyp oe ocax paoo aoaoce Coa CCP.

eey ay paep aaooe apooe xoco opeee cye 64,6 p. py. 2,5 paa oe, e a peye 5 e. o ce poeoc epa19,5 p. (eco 5,3 p. py.). 78% cex aaooe poeoc apac a pae eo ycp. e a peycapa ocpo 42 pye paoe epoca, ye pooco epoep 4,5 paa; oec ay yya c 3,5 o 10 . ; oy y c 35 o 75 . ; poy aocpoe oa a yec 3,5 paa . . Coacec ceop ceco xoce oe ocee oy e a 15% ce aoo poy cecoo xoca (eco 2% 1927/28 .), a ocee oa eo o coca 17,5% ce oceo oa. Haoa oxo a ee oe yoc.

oe apex ao ycpaa peoac opoe cpeca. Oco x coo oc cecoe xoco, oya cpeca aac ocpeco peepoo aoroooe. a paepya poa poaa o, cpoppoac ac, aoepe oa, oae ca eeoe ocyapcee a. ac cpeca eo poeoc. cpaopap epa pooc cop epa, eca, y. Bac o ae a pacpoay copax a ea eoce ocyapcex yee.

Oao c c po paepae ooo cpoeca, apy c poeo yee cpec, oa poea eoro cnooa aax oe. Cpoeco coe oeo o aao e aepaoc -a exa cp, oa, oopyoa, paoe c. K oy 1930 . 40 % aaooe poeoc aopoe eaepex oeax. Ccea popeo pacpeee aepax pecypco paoe c pacpocpaac, npee ceo, a ecoo yapx oeo, oope cac pep ce cpae, apep: emaypuecue ouam Kyee Mamoopce, mpamope ao Xapoe euce, amooe ao Moce Hue Hoopoe.

Ta, acpa coco (caaa o pacpe pecypco) co peee oe coo apoae, ey cy o a e o ca oo aex ocoeoce coeco oo.

cy x pyx p a epo e oaac eoe. aypa oaae e oco aooo oo aae e. Beco 17 yya o aeo 6,2 . , , . .

Te pa ycp ya c 23,7 % 1928/29 xoceo roy o 5% 1933.


5.

(1933-1937 . )


, . . 2,1 , 8 . 16, 5%. 69, 5 . ., 53, 4.( 2, 5 , ) 16, 1 . . ( 4, 6 , ).

opo e a eo oe a 4 oa 3 eca. 1937 . poeoc aa poy 2,2 paa oe, e 1932 ., a ea poeoc 3,4 paa oe. poy aocpoe poca o 1,5 paa eco 2,1 paa, aeex ao, o oece execoe epeoopyee o cex opace apooo xoca ypeee oopoococooc CCCP. Oao aa eeo aa poocy oo, yp, pacopaopo, cox cao, ecoo oopyoa e oe.

poy epo eaypr a opy ey ypoac Oao aae eeo aa ae yya o eooeo a 9%. Baa e oee e yoac, aa a yeac 41 pa. aoo coaa poeoc poocy e, ooa, a p. poy xeco poeoc poca 3 paa Coa pyee ao poocy ceecoo ayya, aox, ax yope aao.

oa y a ee o yoac, a oa e yeac a oy pe. Oao oa poeoc e cpaac c aae e, o coao cepee pyoc pao poex pep, epoca, eex opo.

Kpye ycex ocy pa eo eo poeoc. Cpeeooo e ppoca x poy coca 14,8% Xo o e aapoaoro, o aeo e, e epo ee (11,7%). cpoop eax pa opaee A aeo yeae) ( epo ee 28,5% 11,7%, o opo ee19% 14,8%).

a o opo e cp ea paaac oopoa poeoc, poy oopo yeac oee e 2,8 paa, a poy aaoo poeoc 5,5 paa. aoap ycexa pa oopoo poeoc, a ae eo poeoc eo a o epx yx eo a ocoo peea aaa execoo epeoopye Kpaco Ap.

Koea epe ocoo a aoea Kpy a nepe cea exaa ccoo xoca: a o epo epe oya oee 300 . paopo, 114 c. oao, 132 c. pyox aoa oeco pyo ex. oce oa a nee poc 5,6 . a. poy eee, cocaa 1933 . 121% ypo 1913 ., 1937 ocra 150% ooeoy ypo. Opeee ycex ocy oac oooca. o epo e oo peo copaoc: 193 . eo po cocaa 65% ypo 1913 . C 1934 . aac ee poc. 1937 . y oooca cocaa 109% ypo 1913 .

ec rocyapcee ay poyo ceo xoca, apep, cpeeooe ay epa poc 50%.

eo aa eeo aa oac cecoro xoca cepeo eooe. O oe cecoceoo pooca a ee poc oopa paa (co yx ay). aooe aae xoy o epeoeo: aoo cop xoa 1937 . coca 25,8 (na 21,2 ). Baoe cop caxapo ce a eoe. 1937 oooe pyoo poaoo coa cocao 50,9 . (ao aeaoc e 65,5 roo), ce 25,7 . (43,4 ), oe o 66,6 (96 ) a pooca aoo poy oooca oe a 62,9%.

p eyoeopeoo oe aa opo e oac cecoo xoca coco ceye: o epx, epea oaac aeee a oac eca cecoo xca ( e pax ceooopoo, copox oceo, pee epax yope . .), o-opx, e ocyece aeee e ao aaooe pae cecoo xoca ( cpae c epo eo o poc a 33% eco 57%, peycopex ao), -x, cece aex op oaex ocao ocyapcy poyo cecoo xoca x aooex e y oxoo oxoo e o oo aepo aepecoaoc poce cecoxoceoo pooca, -eepx, pae oooca opooc ocyce coo opoo a, eocao pooco ypaoo epa. , epa octaaoc a opeooo ypoe, a o-cyapcee aoo xe peo opoc, y oxoo ocaaoc oe ao ypaoo epa pa oooc Haoe, caac eaope ooe yco 1933 1936 .


6.

(1937-1941 .)


apooo xoca peycapa peee ceyx aex aa: oe poy ce poeoc 1942 . oe peo ypoe 1937 . a 92%; o ce pooco cpec pooca a 107%; poy aocpoe oa a pac 2,3 paa; ooc epoca 2,1 paa. apoaoc pepa xecy poeoc oy eyx opace poeoc, ye ee poy 2,4 paa. a peycapa aeee pae eaypeco, yoo eo poeoc, acoc coae paoe ey Boo pao oo eo a CCCP Bopoe ay. peoaaoc coae pyx ocyapcex peepo oy, epoep, eoop oopo pooca, a ae pa pacopa, coae a ocoe cpa aoo-yepo py opace aocpoe, eeepepao, x.

Boee o paoo popa oeceaoc ac aaooe, oope o coca 192 p. py. 115 . py. o opo ee. cpo oo o cy poocex ooce oe, e a e peye e ece e.

.

, , . ocooo ea oyaa aeee pae ccea popeo, pacaaa poeoc. ooecoe pae o cec ye copooaoc ae poco . Orpo oe aaooe popee opac aocpoee, oay poeoc, pooco epoep ocyecc yep ypo acee.

1937 -1941 . e poca poeoo pooca eco -3,4 % o. pooeoc pya ae poca ea 6 % o, ee pocy e cococoa ae ooce pepecce ep, apaee a ypeee c poeoc peoee o. cpo cyo ooo 9 c. poex pep. aae yc caoeo, pyox eox aooe, paopo, oao, paoo poa oopyoa.

ycpaa caco apae ao apoya pye o, poe eo poeoc. He oy pa ea eoc, cpoece ceco xoce peoaa py, ao a yeoc pacpyype coopye opo, cao, eaopo.

40 :

1.    , : () -; ;

2.    ;

3.    , ; - , , ;

4.    .



1.    ..   .: , 1972. 

2.     / ....  : , 2002. 



?